José Acosta
Oklahoma City RedHawks (AAA)
José Acosta
Birthdate:
Feb. 28, 2005 (41 y, 5 m, 30 d)
Born In:
Maracaibo, ZUL, VEN
Nationality:
Venezuelan
Position:
RF
Bats/Throws:
R/R
Height/Weight:
6'2"/212
Entry:
2023 Draft - Round: 2, Overall: 34, Team: Los Angeles Angels
Contract:
Minor League
ML Service Time:
17 years, 97 days

2046 Season Batting Summary

Team G AB H 2B 3B HR RBI R BB K SB CS AVG OBP OPS wOBA BABIP wRC+ WAR ZR
OKL - PCL
42 136 42 9 3 6 30 30 22 13 2 2 0.309 0.400 0.952 0.407 0.303 134 0.91 -0.56

2046 Season Fielding Summary

Team Pos G IP PO A E Fld % Eff ZR
OKL - PCL
LF 26 219.2 43 2 0 1.0000 0.9737 -0.763
OKL - PCL
CF 2 5.0 1 0 0 1.0000 1.0178 0.016
OKL - PCL
RF 14 92.0 17 0 0 1.0000 1.0147 0.189
Current Status
MLB Service Time 17 years, 97 days
40-man Service Time 18 years, 98 days
Time as Pro 23 years
Roster Status Minor Leagues
Injury Status None
Personality
Leadership High
Loyalty High
Greed Low
Intelligence Normal
Work Ethic Normal
Popularity
National Insignficant
Local Fair
Current Contract
Minor League Contract
Batting Con Gap Pow Eye K's
Current 5 6 5 6 8
vs R 5 6 4 6 8
vs L 5 7 5 6 8
Potential 5 7 5 7 8
Fielding C IF OF
Range 1 7
Error 1 6
Arm 1 1 6
Turn DP 1
C Ability 1
Position
Left Field 6
Center Field 4
Right Field 6
Run/Bunt
Speed 6
Stealing 7
Running 6
Sac Bunt 7
Bunt for Hit 1
Pitching Stuff Movement Control
Current 1 4 2
vs R 1 4 2
vs L 1 4 2
Potential 1 4 2
Pitch Ratings Cur Pot
Fastball 1 1
Other Pitching
Velocity 80-83 mph
GB % 55%
Stamina 1
Hold 1
OSA Rating History
Ratings Changes
2046-08-13
Position changed from CF to RF
2046-08-06
RF defense decreased from 7 to 6
2046-06-25
CF defense decreased from 5 to 4
Weight increased from 211 to 212
2046-05-07
Outfield Arm decreased from 7 to 6
LF defense decreased from 7 to 6
2046-04-23
Outfield Error decreased from 7 to 6
2046-04-02
Power vs R decreased from 5 to 4
CF defense decreased from 6 to 5
RF defense decreased from 8 to 7
Position changed from RF to CF
Weight increased from 210 to 211
2046-01-01
Sac Bunt decreased from 8 to 7
Weight decreased from 211 to 210
2045-10-24
Outfield Range decreased from 8 to 7
GB% decreased from 56% to 55%
Weight increased from 206 to 211
2045-06-12
Power vs R increased from 4 to 5
Sac Bunt increased from 7 to 8
Weight decreased from 207 to 206
2045-01-30
Power vs R decreased from 5 to 4
Sac Bunt decreased from 8 to 7
Position changed from CF to RF
2044-11-07
LF defense increased from 6 to 7

Career Major League Stats

Team Year Age G PA AB H 2B 3B HR RBI R BB K SB CS AVG OBP OPS BABIP wOBA WAR
Cleveland - PBL
CLE - PBL
2044 39 57 175 158 42 5 4 2 22 16 10 18 0 0 0.266 0.302 0.688 0.2817 0.300 -0.01
Tampa Bay - PBL
TBA - PBL
2043 38 31 103 92 25 4 0 0 8 6 8 13 0 0 0.272 0.327 0.642 0.3125 0.290 0.05
New York - PBL
NYA - PBL
2042 37 28 110 97 23 4 2 3 16 15 12 19 0 1 0.237 0.321 0.734 0.2667 0.316 0.14
Texas - PBL
TEX - PBL
2041 36 70 232 220 53 8 0 3 19 27 11 32 0 0 0.241 0.276 0.594 0.2688 0.265 -0.28
Texas - PBL
TEX - PBL
2040 35 112 492 453 120 19 5 11 56 55 28 60 5 2 0.265 0.307 0.709 0.2809 0.312 2.04
Texas - PBL
TEX - PBL
2039 34 91 389 353 92 12 4 6 24 52 34 42 10 2 0.261 0.324 0.692 0.2801 0.309 1.91
Baltimore - PBL
BAL - PBL
2038 33 86 364 342 90 13 3 7 49 47 14 50 2 5 0.263 0.289 0.669 0.2852 0.289 0.84
Baltimore - PBL
BAL - PBL
2037 32 124 542 495 135 33 5 12 64 77 30 65 13 4 0.273 0.316 0.748 0.2901 0.328 3.54
Boston - PBL
BOS - PBL
2036 31 141 607 556 157 29 14 12 67 81 37 80 12 4 0.282 0.327 0.777 0.3112 0.340 3.28
PIT - PBL
2035 30 37 125 112 28 4 2 4 13 13 10 17 1 0 0.250 0.317 0.746 0.2637 0.322 0.27
Montreal - PBL
MON - PBL
2035 30 82 332 307 95 16 2 5 30 39 22 54 12 7 0.309 0.355 0.779 0.3600 0.341 2.42
CIN - PBL
2034 29 101 435 397 100 19 7 4 38 37 21 57 7 1 0.252 0.294 0.660 0.2815 0.291 1.43
WAS - PBL
2033 28 109 466 423 105 23 9 5 48 55 28 47 8 6 0.248 0.302 0.682 0.2667 0.298 1.36
Boston - PBL
BOS - PBL
2032 27 22 96 91 26 2 3 4 10 15 2 15 2 0 0.286 0.305 0.811 0.3014 0.347 0.87
LAA - PBL
2032 27 59 241 221 55 10 0 2 22 18 11 34 4 1 0.249 0.289 0.611 0.2849 0.273 0.05
WAS - PBL
2032 27 51 220 205 59 10 3 2 28 22 12 30 2 3 0.288 0.326 0.721 0.3276 0.315 0.80
LAA - PBL
2031 26 127 499 448 116 23 7 5 56 50 35 74 11 2 0.259 0.308 0.683 0.2952 0.299 1.12
LAA - PBL
2030 25 111 423 387 99 16 6 6 40 55 26 50 8 5 0.256 0.303 0.678 0.2793 0.299 1.47
LAA - PBL
2029 24 123 534 486 141 34 4 11 56 64 40 75 11 10 0.290 0.347 0.791 0.3234 0.345 3.58
LAA - PBL
2028 23 55 180 165 43 11 7 4 27 26 10 26 2 1 0.261 0.301 0.786 0.2868 0.334 1.01
LAA - PBL
2027 22 73 75 69 15 4 2 1 2 6 4 14 0 1 0.217 0.260 0.637 0.2593 0.264 -0.32
Total - PBL
PBL
1690 6640 6077 1619 299 89 109 695 776 405 872 110 55 0.266 0.313 0.711 0.2932 0.312 25.57

Career Minor League Stats

Team Year Age G PA AB H 2B 3B HR RBI R BB K SB CS AVG OBP OPS BABIP wOBA WAR
OKL - PCL
2046 41 42 162 136 42 9 3 6 30 30 22 13 2 2 0.309 0.400 0.952 0.3025 0.407 0.91
PAW - IL
2045 40 4 6 5 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0.400 0.500 0.900 0.5000 0.363 -0.00
Salt Lake - PCL
SLC - PCL
2026 21 84 383 343 96 12 6 10 39 60 34 59 13 3 0.280 0.347 0.784 0.3139 0.348 2.38
Salt Lake - PCL
SLC - PCL
2025 20 4 16 16 6 1 0 0 3 1 0 4 0 1 0.375 0.375 0.813 0.5000 0.365 -0.05
Arkansas - TEX
ARK - TEX
2025 20 117 480 418 105 24 4 6 60 51 55 89 8 8 0.251 0.338 0.708 0.3056 0.331 2.30
CER - MID
2024 19 58 194 172 36 12 2 3 27 22 18 44 1 1 0.209 0.280 0.634 0.2578 0.283 0.42
Orem - PIO
ORM - PIO
2023 18 47 168 139 36 4 2 3 22 22 23 40 5 1 0.259 0.362 0.743 0.3402 0.357 0.17
None - None
None - None
2023 18 24 122 107 59 15 5 6 38 53 13 4 23 7 0.551 0.598 1.552 0.5408 0.646 3.42
Total -
24 122 107 59 15 5 6 38 53 13 4 23 7 0.551 0.598 1.552 0.5408 0.646 3.42
Total - AAA
AAA
134 567 500 146 22 9 16 72 92 57 77 15 6 0.292 0.364 0.832 0.3178 0.366 3.24
Total - AA
AA
117 480 418 105 24 4 6 60 51 55 89 8 8 0.251 0.338 0.708 0.3056 0.331 2.30
Total - A
A
58 194 172 36 12 2 3 27 22 18 44 1 1 0.209 0.280 0.634 0.2578 0.283 0.42
Total - R
R
47 168 139 36 4 2 3 22 22 23 40 5 1 0.259 0.362 0.743 0.3402 0.357 0.17

Career Fielding Stats

Team Year Pos G IP PO A E Fld % RF Eff ZR
Cleveland - PBL
CLE - PBL
2044 SS 1 5.0 0 0 1 0.000 0.000 0.335 -1.20
Cleveland - PBL
CLE - PBL
2044 LF 3 19.1 8 0 0 1.000 3.724 0.913 -0.58
Cleveland - PBL
CLE - PBL
2044 CF 42 303.1 66 6 3 0.960 2.136 0.979 -1.16
Cleveland - PBL
CLE - PBL
2044 RF 11 59.1 16 0 0 1.000 2.427 1.118 1.30
Tampa Bay - PBL
TBA - PBL
2043 LF 1 8.0 2 0 0 1.000 2.250 1.030 0.04
Tampa Bay - PBL
TBA - PBL
2043 CF 6 25.1 10 0 0 1.000 3.553 1.017 0.13
Tampa Bay - PBL
TBA - PBL
2043 RF 27 191.1 37 3 0 1.000 1.882 1.043 1.12
New York - PBL
NYA - PBL
2042 LF 2 18.0 4 0 0 1.000 2.000 0.999 -0.00
New York - PBL
NYA - PBL
2042 CF 1 8.0 1 0 0 1.000 1.125 1.022 0.02
New York - PBL
NYA - PBL
2042 RF 25 213.2 65 0 0 1.000 2.738 1.005 0.21
Texas - PBL
TEX - PBL
2041 LF 24 170.1 39 1 1 0.976 2.114 0.978 -0.63
Texas - PBL
TEX - PBL
2041 CF 30 214.1 54 2 0 1.000 2.352 1.029 1.25
Texas - PBL
TEX - PBL
2041 RF 12 98.2 24 0 1 0.960 2.189 0.981 -0.34
Texas - PBL
TEX - PBL
2040 LF 19 152.1 35 1 1 0.973 2.127 0.977 -0.60
Texas - PBL
TEX - PBL
2040 CF 4 14.0 1 0 0 1.000 0.643 1.036 0.03
Texas - PBL
TEX - PBL
2040 RF 95 814.1 196 3 2 0.990 2.199 1.081 10.83
Texas - PBL
TEX - PBL
2039 3B 1 7.0 0 1 0 1.000 1.286 1.028 0.02
Texas - PBL
TEX - PBL
2039 LF 4 34.0 9 0 1 0.900 2.382 0.908 -0.73
Texas - PBL
TEX - PBL
2039 CF 80 672.1 275 11 3 0.990 3.829 1.024 5.44
Texas - PBL
TEX - PBL
2039 RF 9 70.2 19 0 0 1.000 2.420 1.144 1.76
Baltimore - PBL
BAL - PBL
2038 CF 86 750.0 291 5 5 0.983 3.552 1.014 3.22
Baltimore - PBL
BAL - PBL
2037 CF 124 1083.0 262 1 6 0.978 2.186 1.034 6.80
Boston - PBL
BOS - PBL
2036 LF 1 9.0 2 0 0 1.000 2.000 0.980 -0.03
Boston - PBL
BOS - PBL
2036 CF 77 658.2 167 6 2 0.989 2.364 0.989 -1.34
Boston - PBL
BOS - PBL
2036 RF 62 521.0 93 4 3 0.970 1.676 1.069 4.40
PIT - PBL
2035 LF 10 91.2 17 1 2 0.900 1.767 0.873 -1.78
PIT - PBL
2035 CF 6 40.0 6 0 0 1.000 1.350 0.841 -0.85
Montreal - PBL
MON - PBL
2035 CF 78 666.2 200 2 1 0.995 2.727 1.014 2.19
PIT - PBL
2035 RF 18 150.0 32 1 1 0.971 1.980 1.066 1.47
Montreal - PBL
MON - PBL
2035 RF 6 36.2 11 0 0 1.000 2.700 0.999 -0.01
CIN - PBL
2034 LF 2 11.0 0 0 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.00
CIN - PBL
2034 CF 100 873.2 256 5 3 0.989 2.689 0.993 -1.35
CIN - PBL
2034 RF 2 3.0 0 0 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.00
WAS - PBL
2033 2B 1 5.0 0 1 0 1.000 1.800 0.539 -0.58
WAS - PBL
2033 LF 8 70.0 12 0 1 0.923 1.543 0.834 -1.64
WAS - PBL
2033 CF 3 5.0 1 0 0 1.000 1.800 0.983 -0.01
WAS - PBL
2033 RF 96 817.1 198 2 3 0.985 2.202 1.101 13.66
LAA - PBL
2032 1B 1 7.0 6 1 0 1.000 9.000 1.086 0.04
LAA - PBL
2032 CF 9 68.0 19 0 0 1.000 2.515 0.982 -0.26
WAS - PBL
2032 CF 44 356.2 111 3 2 0.983 2.877 1.009 0.78
Boston - PBL
BOS - PBL
2032 RF 22 204.0 43 1 1 0.978 1.941 1.105 2.99
LAA - PBL
2032 RF 46 401.0 97 7 0 1.000 2.334 1.032 2.22
WAS - PBL
2032 RF 7 62.0 12 0 0 1.000 1.742 1.000 -0.00
LAA - PBL
2031 RF 127 1115.1 283 5 4 0.986 2.324 1.026 5.24
LAA - PBL
2030 CF 102 883.2 269 6 1 0.996 2.801 1.018 3.69
LAA - PBL
2030 RF 8 59.2 11 0 1 0.917 1.659 0.907 -0.90
LAA - PBL
2029 CF 123 1088.0 322 7 3 0.991 2.722 0.996 -0.73
LAA - PBL
2028 3B 1 9.0 0 0 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.00
LAA - PBL
2028 SS 2 18.0 2 4 1 0.857 3.000 0.872 -0.61
LAA - PBL
2028 LF 5 7.2 3 0 0 1.000 3.522 0.977 -0.05
LAA - PBL
2028 CF 27 181.0 55 2 0 1.000 2.834 1.030 1.19
LAA - PBL
2028 RF 9 68.1 17 1 0 1.000 2.371 1.196 2.02
LAA - PBL
2027 LF 11 46.2 5 0 3 0.625 0.964 0.639 -3.03
LAA - PBL
2027 CF 52 118.2 33 0 0 1.000 2.503 1.082 1.88
LAA - PBL
2027 RF 7 19.1 2 0 0 1.000 0.931 0.975 -0.02
Total 1B 1 7.0 6 1 0 0.04
Total 2B 1 5.0 0 1 0 -0.58
Total 3B 2 16.0 0 1 0 0.02
Total SS 3 23.0 2 4 2 -1.81
Total LF 90 638.0 136 3 9 -9.02
Total CF 994 8010.1 2399 56 29 20.90
Total RF 589 4905.2 1156 27 16 45.96

Career Minor League Fielding Stats

Team Year Pos G IP PO A E Fld % RF Eff ZR
OKL - PCL
2046 LF 26 219.2 43 2 0 1.000 1.844 0.974 -0.76
OKL - PCL
2046 CF 2 5.0 1 0 0 1.000 1.800 1.018 0.02
OKL - PCL
2046 RF 14 92.0 17 0 0 1.000 1.663 1.015 0.19
PAW - IL
2045 CF 3 7.0 0 0 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.00
Salt Lake - PCL
SLC - PCL
2026 CF 80 686.2 212 11 2 0.991 2.923 1.043 7.21
Salt Lake - PCL
SLC - PCL
2026 RF 6 32.0 9 0 0 1.000 2.531 1.134 0.82
Salt Lake - PCL
SLC - PCL
2025 RF 4 33.0 3 0 0 1.000 0.818 0.650 -0.77
Arkansas - TEX
ARK - TEX
2025 CF 117 1043.1 283 5 2 0.993 2.484 1.008 4.18
Arkansas - TEX
ARK - TEX
2025 RF 2 3.0 0 0 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.00
CER - MID
2024 LF 4 2.0 0 0 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.00
CER - MID
2024 CF 42 368.2 101 7 1 0.991 2.637 1.010 0.90
CER - MID
2024 RF 10 22.1 3 0 1 0.750 1.209 0.979 -0.02
Orem - PIO
ORM - PIO
2023 CF 47 399.0 107 2 1 0.991 2.459 0.969 -3.75
Total LF 30 221.2 43 2 0 -0.76
Total CF 291 2509.2 704 25 6 8.55
Total RF 36 182.1 32 0 1 0.21

Pacific Coast League Hitting Log

Date Opp Score AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI K BB HBP SF SB CS WPA Avg OBP OPS
Aug. 26, 2046
Aug 26
MEM 9 - 4 4 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0.03
Aug. 24, 2046
Aug 24
@ABQ 7 - 3 4 1 2 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 -0.04
Aug. 23, 2046
Aug 23
@ABQ 6 - 3 4 0 1 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.02
Aug. 22, 2046
Aug 22
@ABQ 9 - 1 4 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.01
Aug. 20, 2046
Aug 20
RR 8 - 4 2 1 2 0 0 1 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0.16
Aug. 19, 2046
Aug 19
RR 2 - 3 3 1 2 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0.04
Aug. 18, 2046
Aug 18
@NRL 11 - 1 4 2 1 0 0 1 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 -0.04
Aug. 16, 2046
Aug 16
@NRL 10 - 6 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.02
Aug. 14, 2046
Aug 14
@NAS 6 - 4 4 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.12
Aug. 13, 2046
Aug 13
@NAS 13 - 7 4 1 2 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 1 0 1 0.00
Aug. 11, 2046
Aug 11
ELP 12 - 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0.03
Aug. 10, 2046
Aug 10
ELP 2 - 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 -0.01
Aug. 8, 2046
Aug 8
@OMA 7 - 5 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.04
Aug. 7, 2046
Aug 7
@OMA 7 - 6 2 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0.04
Aug. 6, 2046
Aug 6
@OMA 5 - 4 4 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.01
Aug. 5, 2046
Aug 5
IOW 5 - 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 -0.02
Aug. 3, 2046
Aug 3
IOW 3 - 7 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 -0.02
July 29, 2046
Jul 29
@MEM 14 - 8 5 0 1 1 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 -0.03
July 28, 2046
Jul 28
@MEM 9 - 7 5 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.03
July 26, 2046
Jul 26
ABQ 5 - 12 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0.04
July 25, 2046
Jul 25
ABQ 11 - 0 4 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0.07
July 24, 2046
Jul 24
ABQ 2 - 9 4 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.05
July 23, 2046
Jul 23
@RR 7 - 5 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 -0.05
July 17, 2046
Jul 17
NRL 10 - 4 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.02
June 25, 2046
Jun 25
@ABQ 4 - 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.10
June 18, 2046
Jun 18
@NRL 8 - 9 4 1 1 0 0 1 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.05
June 9, 2046
Jun 9
ELP 8 - 9 3 1 2 0 0 1 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.39
May 24, 2046
May 24
ABQ 6 - 8 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 -0.12
May 21, 2046
May 21
@RR 5 - 8 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 -0.03
May 9, 2046
May 9
OMA 4 - 5 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0.04
May 5, 2046
May 5
@IOW 8 - 9 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.04
May 4, 2046
May 4
@IOW 7 - 1 2 1 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.03
April 30, 2046
Apr 30
MEM 8 - 4 5 2 2 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.22
April 29, 2046
Apr 29
MEM 13 - 0 4 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 -0.01
April 28, 2046
Apr 28
MEM 8 - 9 4 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 -0.06
April 27, 2046
Apr 27
@ABQ 4 - 10 5 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.10
April 26, 2046
Apr 26
@ABQ 2 - 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0.01
April 25, 2046
Apr 25
@ABQ 11 - 0 5 2 2 1 0 1 4 1 0 0 0 0 0 -0.02
April 23, 2046
Apr 23
RR 3 - 4 4 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.09
April 22, 2046
Apr 22
RR 9 - 5 4 2 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0.07
April 21, 2046
Apr 21
RR 7 - 4 5 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.01
April 12, 2046
Apr 12
ELP 1 - 8 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.00
Date Team Players Sent Team Players Sent
June 21, 2032 Boston Bill Reid
César Ruíz
Luis Franco
Troy Kirkpatrick
Alfredo Rivera
2nd rd. pick
Los Angeles Keith Kent
José Acosta
July 19, 2032 Boston José Acosta
Nick Mays
Alan Ayers
Vincent Manning
Greg Weems
Washington Michael Davidson
Joe Miller
Nov. 20, 2033 Cincinnati Drake Lentine
Daniel Weber
Washington José Acosta
Jan. 9, 2035 Boston Bob Phillips
Alvin Raymond
Nathan Sanche
Cincinnati John Miller
José Acosta
April 2, 2035 Montreal Ed Gerberman
Mike Harding
Boston José Acosta
July 30, 2035 Pittsburgh Belarmino Quartin
Kyle Hall
Diego García
Robinson Pérez
Montreal José Acosta
Award Year / Date Team
All-Star 2035 Montreal (PBL)
2025 Arkansas (TEX)
Gold Glove 2040 - RF Texas (PBL)
2033 - RF Washington (PBL)
Player of the Week Jul 28, 2031 Los Angeles (PBL)
Aug 17, 2026 Salt Lake (PCL)